1. FIREFIGHTING STRATEGY AND TACTICS TRAINING ( 6 HOUR PROGRAM)
This full day training program examines in detail offensive and defensive firefighting
strategy and tactics for the seven different occupancies listed below. Size-up, hose line
positioning, aerial and ground ladder placement, interior and exterior fire spread
problems, ventilation principles, search and rescue techniques, collapse-explosion-
flashover dangers; and most important safety and survival on the fire ground will be
studied. This firefighting strategy and tactic session will apply all of the above tactics to
the following occupancies:
Private Dwelling Fires
Strip Store Fires
Row Dwelling Fires
Garden Type Dwelling Fires
Heavy Timber Factory Fires
Wood Triple Decker Fires
High Rise Firefighting
2. FIREFIGHTERS DEATH AND INJURY STATISTICS (one hour)
This lecture examines the most common ways firefighters are killed and injured on the fireground and most important how to manage and control these dangers:
1. Stress caused heart attacks
2. Falls, falling objects and in contact with electricity
3. Flashover, backdraft, caught and trapped, and smoke inhalation
4. Structural collapse
3. DANGERS OF OPERATING ON PEAKED ROOFS (one hour)
This lecture examines three case studies where firefighters were killed and injured by falling from peaked roofs, roof rafter collapse, roof deck failure, and collapsing slate roof shingles. It includes guidelines for operating on peaked roofs of various pitches and angles.
4. WALL COLLAPSE (one hour)
This lecture shows the dangers of parapet wall collapse, marquee collapse, and canopy collapse and cornice collapse. Includes ways to manage and control the fireground:
1.Collapse danger zone
2.Use of hose stream as a safety feature
3.Identify the corner safe areas around a burning building
4.How to flank a dangerous unstable wall
5. Safe use of a tower ladder during a fire in a strip store.
5. FLASHOVER FIRES (one hour)
This lecture discusses flashover fires. It includes the three stages of fire growth and the theory of flashover. It examines how to identify warning signs before a flashover and some safe operating procedures are examined, such as identifying the point of no return.
6. BACKDRAFT EXPLOSIONS (one hour)
This lecture looks at two case studies where backdraft (smoke explosions) injured firefighters. The difference between a backdraft explosion and flashover is discussed. Safety precautions on how to prevent injury from backdraft explosions, such as venting, quenching and flanking a fire are shown.
7. TIMBER TRUSS ROOF COLLAPSE (one hour)
This lecture examines in depth a supermarket truss roof fire and collapse. It looks at features of a bowstring truss roof which give firefighters misleading size-up messages, such as, the concave roof space, truss roof fuel load, parapet walls, conflicting fire reports, surface-to-mass ratio, roof and wall collapse.
8. LIGHTWEIGHT TRUSS ROOF AND FLOOR COLLAPSE (one hour)
This lecture examines in depth the truss roof collapse that killed two firefighters in Orange county Florida. Also a photo inspection of a fast food restaurant that has lightweight truss roof is included. A firefighting standard operating procedure
for content and structure fires in lightweight truss burning buildings is proposed.
9. CEILING COLLAPSE (one hour)
This lecture examines in depth the death of a firefighter trapped under a collapsing ceiling. It examines the construction dangers of directly affixed ceiling and suspended ceilings. Causes of ceiling collapse and safe operating procedures for pulling ceilings are discussed.
10. FLOOR COLLAPSE (one hour)
This lecture looks at three types of floor collapse: deck collapse, floor beam collapse and multi level floor collapse. A case study of the New York City 23rd street floor collapse and the Vendome floor collapse in Boston are examined. Safe operating procedures are discussed.
11.WOOD FRAME BUILDING COLLAPSE (one hour)
This lecture discusses wood frame building collapse-warning signs. The four types of wood frame buildings are analyzed for fire spread and collapse potential. A case study of a collapse that killed a fire officer is covered in depth. Safe operating procedures for wood frame building firefighting are reviewed.
12.COLLAPSE SEARCH AND RESCUE (one hour)
This lecture covers the collapse search and rescue plan. A case study of a successful collapse search and rescue operation is discussed. A size-up of how to analyze a collapse and pinpoint a buried victim is shown. The collapse incident management system is discussed. A street management plan for a first alarm assignment is shown.
13. BUILDING CONSTRUCTION, FIRE SPREAD AND COLLAPSE(one hour)
This lecture examines the five types of construction: fire resistive, noncombustible, ordinary, heavy timber and wood frame and looks at the fire spread and collapse potential.
l4. TERRORISM AND SECURITY DEVICES (one hour)
This lecture examines the definition of terrorism, and methods and targets of domestic and foreign bombers. Identification of types of bombs and standard operating procedures for first responder to explosions are given.
15. HIGH RISE BUILDING FIREFIGHTING (one hour)
This lecture discusses strategies and tactics for fighting high rise fires: venting, hoseline placment, standpipe operations, use of master streams, elevator dangers, smoke movement, fire spread, collapse. A case study of a high rise fire will be discussed.